Charles Benson: Mariner of Color in the Age of Sail

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Language: English

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We turn to it now, by focusing on “snapshots” of crucial moments. Historically, between 15 and 30% of enslaved Africans brought to the Americas were Muslims, but most of these Africans were converted to Christianity during the era of American slavery. [129] During the twentieth century, some African Americans converted to Islam, mainly through the influence of black nationalist groups that preached with distinctive Islamic practices; including the Moorish Science Temple of America, and the largest organization, the Nation of Islam, founded in the 1930s, which attracted at least 20,000 people by 1963, [130] [131] prominent members included activist Malcolm X and boxer Muhammad Ali. [132] Malcolm X is considered the first person to start the movement among African Americans towards mainstream Islam, after he left the Nation and made the pilgrimage to Mecca. [133] In 1975, Warith Deen Mohammed, the son of Elijah Muhammad took control of the Nation after his father's death and guided the majority of its members to orthodox Islam. [134] However, a few members rejected these changes, in particular Louis Farrakhan, who revived the Nation of Islam in 1978 based on its original teachings.[ citation needed ] African-American Muslims constitute 20% of the total U.

Pages: 248

Publisher: University of Massachusetts Press (October 7, 2003)

ISBN: 155849409X

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